Haematological and Serum biochemical Indices of Broiler Chickens Fed Single and Multi-Protein Phase-Feeding Regimes

  • Yisah L. J.
  • Joseph, M. A.
  • Ogaji, E. O.
  • Ayeni A. O.
Keywords: Broiler chickens, crude protein, single protein, multi-protein, feeding

Abstract

Three hundred and sixty (360) day-old Arbor-acre broiler chicks were used to investigate the effects of single and multi-protein phase feeding on their hematological and serum biochemical profile. The chicks were placed on single protein phase (SP) and multi-protein phase (two-protein phase (TwP) and three-protein phase (ThP)) feeding regimes of one hundred and twenty birds per system. Each feeding system was replicated five times with twenty four (24) birds per replicate. The three feeding plans used contained 21% crude protein (CP) (SP), 23% and 21% CP (TwP) and 23%, 20% and 18% CP (ThP) while the metabolizable energy (ME) for all the systems averaged 13.32 MJ/kg. While birds on SP feeding were fed on 21% CP for 1 - 42 days, birds on TwP feeding were fed for 1 - 18 days on 23% CP and 19 - 42 days on 21% CP, the birds on ThP feeding were fed on 23% CP for 1 - 18 days, 20% CP for 19 - 28 days and 18% CP for 29 - 42 days in a completely randomized design. The hematological indices were measured and the packed cell volume (PCV), Red blood cell (RBC), Hemoglobin concentration (Hb) and Mean cell volume (MCV) were significantly influenced (P<0.05) such that PCV, RBC and Hb for birds placed on single protein phase differ from that of birds on two-protein phase and three-protein phase while the MCV shows different trend with birds on single protein phase differ from two-protein phase but similar statistically to three- protein phase. Thus, PCV (%) ranged: 31 - 37.38, RBC (x 106): 2.90 - 4.26, Hb (g/100ml): 10.01 -12.46 and MCV (µ3): 88.64 – 115.25. The serum metabolites measured  were not significantly affected ( P>0.05) by dietary treatments, and the range of values obtained were: TP (g/dl): 5.47 – 6.52, ALB (g/dl): 3.16 – 3.18, GLOB (g/dl): 2.30 – 2.71, ALP(UI/I): 74.14 –77.02,creatine (mg/dl): 1.38 – 3.03, ALT (IU/I)1.19 – 1.28, AST (IU/I): 1.90 – 1.32 and ALB/GLOB ratio: 1.18 – 1.41.It was concluded that single and multi-protein phase feeding have no adverse effects on haematological and serum metabolites of broiler chickens.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adenkola, A. Y., Ayo, A. Y., Sackey, A. K. B. and Adelaiye, A. B. (2008). Haematological changes in pigs administered ascorbic acid and transported by road for four hours during harmattan season. Proceedings of 42nd Annual Conference of the Agriculture Society of Nigeria., 657 – 663
Agbede, J. O., Arimah, A. A., Adu, O. A., Olaleye, M. T. and Aletor, V. A. (2011). Growth enhancing, health impact and bacteria suppressive property of lanthanum supplimentation in broiler chickens. Archiva Zootechnica,14:444 - 446.
Aletor, V. A., Agbede, J. O. and Sobanjo, R. A. (1998). Haematological and biological aspect of feeding broiler chickens conventional and under-utilized protein resources. Proceedings Silver Anniversary Conference of Nigeria Society for Animal Production and Inaugural Conference of WASAP held at Gateway Hotel, Abeokuta, Nigeria 21 – 26 March, Paper No. 79.
Ameen, S. A., Adedeji, O. S., Akingbade, A. A., Olayemi, T. B., Oyedapo, L. O. and Aderinola, A. (2007). The effect of different feeding regimes on haematological parameters and immune status of commercial broilers in derived savanna zone of Nigeria. Proceedings of 32th Annual Conference of the Nigeria Society for Animal Production,Calabar, 2007; 146 – 148.
AOAC (1990). Official Methods of Analysis (13th edition). Association of Official analytical Chemists. Washington, DC. USA.
Aro, S. O., Agbede, J. O., Dairo, E. O. and Aletor, V. A. (2012). Evaluation of fermented cassava tuber waste in broiler chickens feeding. Archiva Zootechnical, 15(3):49-60
Awojobi, H. A. and Opiah. G. O. (2000). The effect of physiological status on some blood parameters of Newzealand white Does Rabbits. Proceedings of Animal Science Association of Nigeria.Port harcourt 2000 Pp 14- 16.
Awoniyi, T. A., Aletor, V. A. and Oyekunle B. O. (2000). Observation of Some Erythrocyte Indices of Broiler Chicken Raised on Maggot Meal Based Diets. Proceedings of Nigeria Society for Animal Production,Umudike, 2000;Pp 225 – 228.
Ayeni, A. O., Adegbenro, M., Dick, O. E., Oyedokun, E. S., Olaseinde, I. O., Oladayo, T. O. and Agbede, J. O. (2012). Performance, haemato-biochemical indices and antioxidants status of broiler chickens fed diets supplemented with avocado-bamboo composite leaf mix Nigerian Journal of Animal Production,49(1):293-303.
Carvew, S. N., Oluremi, O. I. & Wanbutda, E. P. (2005).The quality of commercial poultry feed in Nigeria: A case study of feeds in Makurdi Benue State. Nigerian Veterinary Journal,26 (1). 10-30.
Herita, N., Hayashi, T., Sato, K. K., Nakamura, Y., Yoneda, T., Endo, G and Kambe, H. (2009). Lower serum creatinine is a new risk factor of type 2 diabetics. The kansai Healthcare Study. Diabetics Care 32 (3): 424 – 6. Doi: 10.2337/dc08-1265. PMC 2 646021.PMID 1907497.
Khan, T.A. and Zafar, F. (2005). Haematological study in response to varying doses of estrogen in broiler chicken. International Journal of Poultry Science,10:748-751.
Martin, E.A. (2007). Concise Medical Dictionary (7th Ed) Oxford, England, Oxford University Press.
Mississippi State University (MSU), (2010). Feeding Quail. http://extension.msstate.edu/publications/feeding-quail.
Nigerian Meteorological Agency (2014). Archives; Pp1:1-2. nimet.gov.ng/akure-weaher/12.5.
NRC, (1994). Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. Nineth Revised Edition, Pp44.
Roberts, K. M., Daryl, K. G., Peter, A. M. and Victor, W. R. (2003). Harper’s Biochemistry, 25th Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York. 25: 765
SAS (Statistical Analysis System) (2008). Statistical Analysis System (SAS/STAT Program, Version 9.1). SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.
Talebi, A., Asri-Resaei, S., Rozeh-chai, R. and Sahraei, R. (2005). Comparative studies on Haematological Values of Broiler Strains (Ross, Cobb, Arbor-acres and Arain). International Journal of Poultry Science 4(8) : 573 – 579.
Wikivet (2013). Available at: en.wikipedia/wiki/haematology. Accessed on 4th July, 2022.
Yisah, L. J. (2015). Effects of Straight and Multi-phase Feeding on Welfare and Economics of Broiler chickens. M. Agric. Tech. Thesis. Department of Animal production and Health, the Federal University of Technology, Akure.
Yisah, L. J., Ayeni A. O. and Agbede J. O. (2015). Single or Multi- Protein Phase Feeding: Effects on Performance and Economics of Broiler Chickens Production. Family Poultry Communications, 24: 6-13.
Published
2023-01-25
How to Cite
Yisah L. J., Joseph, M. A., Ogaji, E. O., & Ayeni A. O. (2023). Haematological and Serum biochemical Indices of Broiler Chickens Fed Single and Multi-Protein Phase-Feeding Regimes. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science and Technology (NJAST), 5(4), 106 - 112. Retrieved from https://njast.com.ng/index.php/home/article/view/233