Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Lipid Profile of New Zealand White Rabbits Fed Varying Levels of Turmeric (Curcuma longa) Rhizome Meal.

  • Nwoko, E. I. Department of Animal Science, Akwa Ibom State University, Akwa Ibom
  • Essien, C. I. Department of Animal Science, Akwa Ibom State University, Akwa Ibom
  • Ekpo. J. S. Department of Animal Science, Akwa Ibom State University, Akwa Ibom
Keywords: Rabbits, Turmeric powder, Performance, Carcass, Lipid


The performance, carcass characteristics and lipid profile of thirty-two (32) male and female New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits fed varying levels of turmeric Rhizome Powder were evaluated. The rabbits were allotted to four (4) treatments of graded dietary levels (0.0, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5%) of Turmeric Powder denoted as T1 T2 T3 and T4 respectively. Each treatment with 8 rabbits (4 males and 4 females) were divided into two (2) replicates of 4 rabbits each in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) for 84 days. Performance parameters measured included feed intake, body weight gain, feed conversion ratio. Carcass characteristics parameters include; Hind leg, fore leg, thoracic cage, loin fat, liver, heart, kidney, lungs and lipid profile include; high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), triglycerides (TG), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), cholesterol. Result showed that Turmeric Rhizome powder additives indicated significant differences (P < 0.05) across treatments. Feed intake (4915.18) and total weight gain (1887.25) were significantly higher in rabbits fed diets with 0.50% turmeric powder in T2 than those on other treatments. Feed conversion ratio (5.14) were significantly higher in T4 and lower in T2 (4.96) compared to T1, and T3. Turmeric additive also improved the carcass parameters as well as Lipid Profile Parameters (HDL) which were significantly different (P < 0.05) in T2, T3 and T4 except for the control. However, the overall positive effect of turmeric powder in rabbits diets was observed in T2 (0.50%) for both males and females.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdel-Wareth A. A., Hammad, S. and Ahmed, H. (2014). Effects of Khaya senegalensis leaves on performance, carcass traits, haematological and biochemical parameters in rabbits. EXCLI Journal, 13: 502-512.
Adebisi, A. A., Olumide, M. D. and Akintunde, A. O. (2021). Nutritive value and phytochemical screening of turmeric and clove as a potential phyto-additive in livestock production. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science, 23(2): 142-152.
Alagawany, M., Ashour, E. A. And Reda, F. M. (2016). Effect of dietary supplementation of garlic (Allium sativum) and Turmeric (Curcuma longa) on growth performance, carcass traits, blood profile and oxidative status in growing rabbits. Annual Animal Science, 16 (2):489- 505.
Al-sutan, S. I. (2003). The effect of Curcuma longa (turmeric) on overall performance of broiler chickens. International Journal Poultry Science, 3: 333-336.
AOAC (2005). Official method of analysis. (18th Edition) Association of Analytical Chemist. International Gathersturg, MD., USA.
Ashour, E. A., Alagawany, M., Reda, F. M. and Add EL-hack, M. E. (2014). Effect of supplementation of Yucca schidigera to growing rabbits diets on growth performance, carcass characteristics, serum biochemistry and liver oxidative status. Asian Journal of Veterinary Advances, 9:732-742.
Bagchi, A. (2012). Extraction of Curcumin. Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology, 1(3): 01-16.
Benzie, I.F.F; and Wachtel- Galor, S. (2011). Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects: 2 nd edition.
Cunha Neto, F., Marton, L. T.,de Marqui, S. V., Lima, T. A. and Barbalho, S. M. (2019). Curcuminoids from Curcuma longa: New adjuvants for the treatment of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative Colitis. Critical Review Food Science Nutrition, 59(13): 2136-2143.
Durrani, F., Mohammed, I., Asal, S., Shhail S. Naila,C. and Durrani, Z. (2006). Effect of different levels of feed added turmeric (Curcuma longa) on the performance of broiler chicks. Journal of Agricultural Biological Sciences 1, 9-11.
Eitenmiller, R. R. and Landen, W. O. (1999). Vitamin analysis for the health and food science. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
Eko, P. M., Afolabi, K. D. and Enyenihi, G.E. (2020). Growth performance of Broilers fed graded dietary levels of turmeric (Curcuma Lonaga L.) power as feed additive. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 8(3):65-70.
Ekpo, J. S, Etuk, I. F and Solomon I. P. (2008). Influence of sex on growth and Carcass traits of rabbits fed unpeeled cassava tuber meal, peeled cassava tuber meal and cassava peel meal as energy sources. Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences, 1, 225 -235.
Ekpo, J. S., Okeudo, N. J., Uchegbu, M. C. and Etuk, E. B. (2019). Effect of Dietary Pumpkin Stem Waste on Haematological Indices, Meat and Serum Lipid Profiles of Rabbits. European Scientific Journal, 15 (6): 10-20.
Ekpo, U. E. (2019). Chemical and Nutritional Evaluation of Anthonotha Macrophylla seeds meal as replacement for Soya bean meal in the diet of broiler chickens. Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria.
Elham, A. E., Afrah, Y. J., Eman, B. I, Fawwaz, F. A., Abidalbar, A. A. and Donea A. A. (2020). Effect of adding turmeric powder to local buck rabbits rations on some production and blood traits. Institute of Mosul, Northern Technical University, Mosul, Iraq.
Foldesiova, M., Balazi, A., Chrastinova, L. and Chrenek, P. (2015). The effect of Curcuma longa dried powder in the diet of weight gain of Rabbit does. Slovak Journal of Animal Sciences, 48 (1): 43-48.
Ikpeama, A., Onwuka, G. I. and Nwankwo, C. (2014). Nutritional composition of turmeric (Curcuma longa) and its antimicrobial properties. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, 5(10): 1085-1089.
Imoru, A., Onibi, G. E. and Osho, I. B. (2018). Nutritional and biochemical compositions of turmeric (Curcuma longa linn) rhizome powder. A promising animal feed additive. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, 9(1): 424-429.
Iwuji, T.C. Herbert, U. and Oguike, M.A. (2019). Growth Performance of New Zealand white rabbits administered Panax ginseng extracts. Notulac Scientia Biologicae, 11(4): 373-378.
Kaegon, S. G., Dim, J. C. and George, O. S. (2018). Effects of graded levels of turmeric (Curcuma longa) meal on the serum metabolites of growing rabbits. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science, 20(3): 247-250.
Korn, A. K., Gross, M. Usleber, E., thom, N., Kohler, K. and Erhardt, G. (2014). Dietary ergot alkaloids as a possible cause of tail necrosis in rabbits. Mycotoxin Research, 30: 241-250.
Lagana, C., Erika, S. P., Braga, S., Jose Roberto S., Patricia, H. N. T.., Elisabeth, G., Renato, L. L., Greice, Z. and Vitor, B. F. (2019).Turmeric on Poultry Production: A Review. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 10:1592-1601.
Iyeghe-Erakpotobor, G. T. (2009). Performance of rabbits on stylo and groundnut haulms. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 36(2): 288-296.
Mancini, S., Fratini, F., Tuccinardi, T., Degl’ Innocent, G, Paci, G (2019). Tenebrio Molitor reared on different substances. Food Control. Department of Veterinary Sciences, 107014.
Mudzwiri, M. (2007). Evaluation of traditional South African leafy plants for their safety in human consumption. Doctoral dissertation, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa.
Nelson, K. M., Dahlin, J. L and Bisson, J. (2017).The essential medical chemistry of Curcumin: mini perspective. Journal of Medical Chemistry, 60 (5): 1620-1637.
Obodo, B. N, Iweka, F. K., Obhakhan, J. O. Oyadonghan, G. P. and Agbo, G. E. (2013). The effect of Xylopia aethiopica leaves on body weight and growth performance of wistar rats. International Journal of Herbs and Pharmacological Research. 2(2): 14-19.
Panda, K. Rama Rao, S. V and Raju, M. V. (2009). Phytobiotic, a natural growth promoter. Poultry International. Pp10 – 11.
Paschal, M and Pla, M. (2007) Changes in carcass composition and quality when selecting rabbits for growth rate. Meat Science Journal, 77, 474 – 481.
Priadarsini, K. I. (2014).The chemistry of Curcumin: from extraction to therapeutic agent. Molecules, 19(12): 1-112.
Ramirez-Tortosa, M. C., Mesa, M. D., Aguilera, M. C; Quiles, J. L, Baro, L. Remirez-Tortosa, C. L; Martinez-Victoria, E and Gil, A. (1999). Oral administration of a turmeric extract inhibits LDL oxidation and has hypocholestrodmie effects in rabbit experimental atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis, 147:371 - 378
Salih N. H. (2013). Effect of turmeric powder on growth performance, carcass traits, meat quality and serum biochemical parameters in broilers. Journal of Advanced Biochemical Research, 3 (2): 25 – 32.
Savietto, D., Friggens, N. C. And Pascual, J. J. (2015). Reproductive robustness differs between generalist and specialist maternal rabbit lines: the role of acquisition and allocation of resources. Genetics, Selection, Evolution, 47: 1-12.
SLUS-AK (1994). Soil and Land use studies. Government print office Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, soil survey staff. Key to soil Taxonomy, Soil Management support service (SMSS), TechMonogr. No 19. 306p.
Soleimani, V., Sahebkar, A. and Hosseinzadeh, H. (2018). Turmeric (Curcuma longa) and its major constituent (Curcumin) as nontoxic and safe substances: review. Phytother Research, 32: 985-995.
Sood, P., Modgil, R., Sood, M. And Chuhan, P. K. (2012). Anti-nutrient profile of different chenopodium cultivars leaves. Annals. Food Science. Technology, 13(1): 68-74.
Taoheed, A. A., Tolulope, A. A., Saidu, A. B., Olaifa, G. O. Rita, M. S. and Memunetu, U. (2017). Phytochemical properties, proximate and mineral composition of Curcuma longa linn and Zingiber officinale Rose: A comparative study. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 13(4):1
Vaughn, A. R., Branum, A., and Sivamani, R. K. (2016). Effects of turmeric (Curcuma longa) on skin health: a systematic review of the clinical evidence. Phytother Research, 30:1243-1264.
Yilkal, T. (2015). Important antinutritional substances and inherent toxicants of feed. Journal of Food Science and Quality Management, 36: (7).
Zhang, L., Yang, Z., Chen, F. Su, P., Chen, D., Pan, W., Fang, Y., Dong, C., Zheng, X. and Du, Z. (2017). Composition and bioactivity assessment of essential oils of Curcuma longa L. collected in China. Indian Crop Production, 109: 60-73.
How to Cite
Nwoko, E. I., Essien, C. I., & Ekpo. J. S. (2022). Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Lipid Profile of New Zealand White Rabbits Fed Varying Levels of Turmeric (Curcuma longa) Rhizome Meal. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science and Technology (NJAST), 5(4), 9 - 20. Retrieved from