Effect of Xylopia aethiopica on Growth and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chickens
This study was conducted to determine the effect of xylopia aethiopica on growth performance, carcass characteristics and internal organs of broiler chickens. Two hundred day old abor acre broiler chickens were used for the study. Five dietary treatments were formulated thus; Treatment one (T1); the control had no xylopia aethiopica powder, while treatments two, three, four and five (T2, T3, T4 and T5, respectively) had 100, 200, 300 and 400 g per 100 kg of feed, respectively. The birds were divided into five treatment groups of fourty birds each and assigned treatment diets in a completely randomized design. Feed and water were offered ad libitum. The results of growth performance of the birds at the starter and finisher phases showed significant (p<0.05) effect of xylopia aethiopica on daily and final weight gains. However, feed intake and feed conversion ratio were not significantly (p>0.05) affected. There were significant (p<0.05) treatment effect on live and dressed weights. Significant differences (p>0.05) did not exist in the weight of cut-up parts (thigh, drumstick, breast, wing and back) and internal organs (gizzard, liver, kidney and heart) of the broiler chickens. It can be concluded that inclusion of up to 400 g of xylopia aethiopica powder in the diet of broiler chickens improved growth performance but did not have any detrimental effect on carcass characteristics and internal organs of the broiler chickens.
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