Molecular Techniques for Rapid Diagnosis of Infectious Livestock Diseases

  • Salisu, I. B. Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Federal University Dutse, Jigawa StateNigeria.
  • Amin, A. B. Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Federal University Dutse, Jigawa State Nigeria.
  • Ibrahim, A. A. Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Federal University Dutse, Jigawa State Nigeria.
  • Abdurrahman, S. L. Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Federal University Dutse, Jigawa State Nigeria.
  • Ali, Q. Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.
Keywords: Livestock, Infectious disease, Molecular diagnostics, Multiplex-PCR

Abstract

This review is aimed at highlighting some of the advanced technologies used currently for rapid and early diagnosis of some important animal diseases. Animal health is under continuous threat from a number of dreaded infectious diseases, which results in substantial economic loss to livestock owners. Maintenance of good animal health depends on early, precise and rapid identification of a range of diseases which are essentially infectious. Conventional diagnostic approaches have been used for infectious disease diagnosis, however, these methods are less sensitive, time consuming and labour intensive. The effective control and treatment of animal diseases requires access to diagnostic tests that are rapid, reliable and highly sensitive. The use of recent molecular technologies such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), multiplex-PCR, DNA microarray, next generation sequencing, and improved immunoassay have now revolutionized the disease diagnostic procedures by providing precise diagnosis or detailed characterization of any pathogen or host pathogen interactions. These advanced methods are highly sensitive, rapid, specific, less tedious and helps in early disease detection. Thus, proper application of these techniques will enhance effective control and treatment of these important animal diseases.

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Published
2019-03-11
How to Cite
Salisu, I. B., Amin, A. B., Ibrahim, A. A., Abdurrahman, S. L., & Ali, Q. (2019). Molecular Techniques for Rapid Diagnosis of Infectious Livestock Diseases . Nigerian Journal of Animal Science and Technology (NJAST), 2(1), 121–130. Retrieved from https://njast.com.ng/index.php/home/article/view/15