Evaluation of nutrients composition, anti-nutritional factors and amino acid profiles of sundried cassava starch extract pulp.
This study was conducted to evaluate nutrient composition, anti-nutritional factors and amino acid profiles of sun-dried cassava starch extract pulp in Oyo state. Laboratory analysis revealed values of 94.11, 5.89, 3.40, 1.55, 1.80 and 5.60% for dry matter, moisture, crude protein, ash, ether extract and crude fibre, respectively. The values for sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium and iron were 0.12, 0.23, 0.25, 0.53 and 158.45%, respectively while the anti-nutritional factor; hydrocyanic acid (HCN) had a value of 4.05 mg/kg. The values of amino acids were 0.43, 4.06, 1.64, 2.98, 3.08, 1.04, 1.62, 2.75, 2.03, 1.44, 0.15, 2.67, 1.24, 1.77 and 0.93% for Lysine, leucine, arginine, alanine, valine, isoleucine, Threonine, serine, phenylalanine, proline, methionine, histidine, cystine, tyrosine and tryptophan, respectively. It could be concluded that cassava extract pulp has low anti-nutritional factors, high mineral and energy content. This may make it a good alternate energy feedstuff in livestock diets.
Adedokun., O.O. Ojewola., G.S. Ahamefule., F.O and Akinmutimi., A.H (2017). Chemical compositions of Manihot esculentum cratz (var. umucass 36). Nigerian Journal of Animal Production. 44 (3): 270-281.
Apata, D.F, and Babalola, T.O (2012). The use of cassava, sweet potato and cocoyam, and theirby-products by non-ruminants. International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition 2 (4): 54-62.
Aletor, VA (1993). Allelochemicals in plant foods and feeding Stuffs. Part I. Nutritional, Biochemical and Physiopathological aspects in animal production. Journal of Veterinary and Human Toxicology. 35(1): 57-67.
Bede, N.O (2010). Nutritional implications of projects giving high priority to the production ofstaples of low nutritive quality: The case for cassava (Manihot esculenta, Crantz) in the humid tropics of West Africa. The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Bradbury, M.G, Egan, S.V and Bradbury, J.H (1999). Determination of all forms of cyanogens in cassava roots and cassava products using picrate paper kits. Journal of Science And Food Agriculture.79:593-601.
Brunner, J.H (1984). Direct spectrophotometric determination of saponin. Analytical Chemistry 42: pp 1752-1754.
Cheeke, P.R. and Shull, L.R (1985). Natural Toxicants in feeds and livestock. AVI Publishing Inc., West Port, Connecticut.
Dawra, R.K, Makkar, H.S.P and Singh, B (1988). Protein binding capacity of microquantities of Tannins. Analytical Biochemistry, 170, pp. 50-53.
Ewa, U.E. (2015). Chemical and Nutritional Evaluation of Velvet bean (Mucunasloanei) as Proteinsource for broiler chicken. A PhD Thesis, Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike. P79-80.
F.A.O (1966). Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. FAO Production Year Book, Rome.
Fetuga, B.L.A and Tewe, O.O (1985). Potential of agro industrial by-products and crop residues as animal feed. Nigeria food Journal. 2 (2) 136-141.
Fu PP, Xia Q, Lin G, and Chou, M.W., (2002). Genotoxic Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids- Mechanisms Leading to DNA Adduct Formation and Tumorigenicity. International Journal of Molecular Science. 3: 948-964.
Fasset, D.W (1996). Oxalates. In: Toxicants occurring naturally in foods. National Academy of Science Research Council, WashingtonD.C, U.S.A.
Khampaka, S, Molee W, and Guillaume M (2009). Dried cassava pulp as an alternative feedstufffor broilers: Effect on growth performance, carcass traits, digestive organs and nutrientdigestibility. Poultry Science Association, Inc. Page: 487 – 493.
Kumar, R. (1992). Anti-nutritional factors, the potential risks of toxicity and methods to alleviate them. Proceedings of the FAO Expert Consultation held at the Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI) in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 14-18October, 1991. Andrew Speedy and Pierre-Luc Puglise (eds).
Liener, I.E.(1979). Determination of antitryptic activity of soybean. Journal of Science and Agriculture. 16:602-609.
Maga, J. A (1982). Phytate: its chemistry, occurrence, food interactions, nutritional significance and methods of analysis. Journal of Agric Food Chem. 30:1–9.
MC Donald, P. Edwards, R.A and Greenholgh, J.F.G, (1995). Animal Nutrition. Fifth edition Longman Publisher. Pp 221-235.
Maga, J.A (1983). Phytate: Its chemistry, occurrence, food interaction, nutritional significance and methods of analysis. Journal of Agricultureand Food Chemistry. 30: 1-9.
McLean, E.K (1970). The toxic actions of pyrrolizidine (Senecio) alkaloids. Pharmacology. Rev. Vol. 22: 429-.
NRC(1994). Nutrients Requirements of Poultry. 9th Rev. Edn., National Academic Press, Washington, USA., ISBN-13: 9780309596329, Pages: 156.
Osagie, A.U (1998). Anti-nutritional Factors. In: Nutritional Quality of Plant Foods. Ambik Press Ltd, Benin City, Nigeria, pp. 1-40; 221-244.
Olomu, J. M (1995). Monogastric animal nutrition principles and practice (1st Ed). A Jachem Publication, Bennin City, Nigeria. Pp150-177.
Olomu, J.M (2011). Non ruminant animal production. 2nd Edition. Jachem Publication, BeninCity,Nigeria. Pp 150-177.
Roberts, K.M, Daryl, KG, Peter, A.M., and Victor, W.R., (2006). Harpers Illustrates Biochemistry 27th Edition, MC Graw-Hill, New York. 27:489-506.
Sarkiyayi, S. and Agar, T.M. (2010). Comparative Analysis on the Nutritional and anti-nutritional contents of the sweet and bitter cassava varieties. Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2 (6): 328-334.
Ukita, M., T. Imai and Y. Hung (2006). Food Waste Treatment. In: Waste Treatment in the Feed Processing Industry, Wang, L.K., Y. Hung, H.H. Lo and C. Yapijakis (Eds.). Taylor and Francis, Boca Raton, Florida, pp: 291-321.