Effects of Feeding Diets Containing Differently Processed Cassava Peel Meal on the Haematology and Serum Biochemical Parameters of Red Sokoto Bucks
The study was conducted to investigate the effects of feeding diets containing differently processed cassava peel meal on the haematological and serum biochemical indices of red Sokoto bucks. Twelve (12) red Sokoto bucks with average body weight of 13 kg were randomly divided into four (4) dietary treatments of three (3) bucks per group in a completely randomized design (CRD). Treatment 1(T1) is the control group and animals in this group were fed 20% of sundried cassava peel in their diet. Goats in Treatment 2 (T2) were fed 20% soaked cassava peel meal in their diet while Treatment 3 (T3) animals received 20% boiled cassava peel meal in their diet. Fermented cassava peel at 20% level was given to Treatment 4 (T4). The bucks were fed the experimental diets for a period of 70 days. Results obtained on the haematological profiles revealed significant (p<0.05) differences across the treatments for packed cell volume (PCV), haemoglobin (Hb) and white blood cell count (WBC), while red blood cell count (RBC), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCHC) and lymphocytes (LYM) were statistically similar. The PCV ranged from the lowest value of 20.97 % in T3, followed by 21.47% in the control group, 34.53 % in T4 and 37.33 % in T2. The control group recorded the lowest value for haemoglobin (8.10) while the highest value (11.08) was obtained in T2. There were no significant (p<0.05) differences in the values obtained for total protein, albumin, globulin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphate level (ALP) with the exception of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) which differed significantly. The highest value (190.00 IU/L) of AST was seen in T3 while T2 recorded the lowest value of 113.67 IU/L. The study showed that soaking (T2) is the most effective processing method for reducing the anti-nutritional factors present in cassava peel because goats under this treatment group had higher PCV and Hb values than other treatment groups.
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