Influence of disease outbreak initiator on livelihood of small-holder poultry farmers in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.
Poultry farming supply quality animal protein which is the most valuable component of human diet. Its significant contributions in livestock industry are limited by disease outbreak. This study assessed the influence of disease outbreak initiator on poultry Small-holder farmers’ livelihood in Ogun State. A multistage sampling procedure was used in selection of 67 respondents from two communities in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun state. Data were collected through administration of interview guide and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results obtained showed that respondents’ mean age, farming experience, number of birds and household size were 43years, 11years, 41birds and 4 persons respectively. Findings show that 86.6% and 13.4% of respondents had experienced disease outbreak on their farms during rainy and dry season period. Furthermore, 43.6% and 32.8% had experienced disease outbreak among birds between 1-3 and 4-6weeks old respectively. Poor sanitation (71.6%), late change of litter (67.2%), frequent changes in feed type due to inaccessibility (59.7%), late vaccination of birds (40.2%) and source(s) of day old chicks (37.3%) were management practices identified by respondents as disease outbreak initiators. Reduction in household income (85.1%) and number of birds (46.3%) were the influence of disease outbreak on their livelihood. Poor sanitation of poultry house and its environment (χ2=33.220, df =4, p=0.000), untimely culling of sick birds (χ2=20.883, df=1, p=0.001) and late changes of litter (χ2=7.800, df=2, p=0.02) were significantly associated with disease outbreak. Conclusively, good management practices are efficient disease outbreak control. The study recommends regular training of small poultry farmers by the extension workers subject matter specialists
Adene, D.F. and Oguntade, A.E. (2006). The structure and importance of the commercial and rural based poultry industry in Nigeria. Food and Agricultural Organization (Rome) study, October, 2006. Pp 1-70.
Avian Influenza Control Programme (AICP) (2008). Highly pathogenic avian influenza surveillance and recent updates. Bird flu Watch, Vol.1 No.1.August, 2008, Pp 10.
Akidarju, M.S., Onyemaechi, E.G. and Dauda, M.G. (2010). Assessment of some poultry management practices and disease recognition by poultry farmers in Maiduguri Arid Zone, Nigeria. Journal of World's Poultry Science. 66:285-296.
Anna, B. (2011). Animal Welfare Approved. Technical paper no. 8 Available at:
www.animalwelfareapproved.org.accessed cited Melkamu et.al.(2016) in Disease management and biosecurity measures of small-scale commercial poultry farms in and around Debre Markos, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health. 8(10): 136-144
Augustine, C. D., Mojaba, I., Neils, J. S. and Ngiki, Y.U. (2014). Assessment of factors affecting the implementation of biosecurity protocols by poultry farmers in Mubi area of Adamawa State, Nigeria. International Journal of Management and Social Sciences Research, 3 (2): 13–16.
Baruwa, O.J. and Oke, J.T.O. (2012). Analysis of the technical efficiency of small-holder cocoyam farms in Ondo State, Nigeria. Journal of Tropical Cultura, 30(1):36-40.
Food and Agricultural Organization [FAO] (2000). Transfer of technology in poultry production for developing countries, by Branckaert, R.D.S., Gavira, L., Jallade J. and Seiders, R.W. Sustainable Development Dimensions. Rome. (available at http://www.fao.org/ag/aga/agap/lpa/fampo/links.htm).
Geidam, Y.A. H., Gambo, I., Adamu, S. B., Grema, H. A., Dapchi, A. M. and. Sanda, K. A (2011). An assessment of the biosecurity measures in poultry farms in Borno and Yobe States. Sahel Journal of Veterinary Science 10 (2): 83–86.
Hailu, M. (2012). Review on major viral diseases of chickens reported in Ethiopia. Journal of Infectious Disease and Immunology. 4(1):1-9.
Haifa, M. (2008). Good biosecurity practices in non integrated commercial and in scavenging production systems in Tanzania. Food and Agricultural Organization Study Report. Pp 1-28.
Kryger, K.N., Thomsen, K. A., Whyte, M. A. and Dissing, M. (2010). Smallholder poultry production – livelihoods, food security and sociocultural significance, Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) Smallholder Poultry Production Paper No. 4.
Maikasuwa, M.A. and Jabo, M.S. (2011). Profitability of Backyard Poultry Farming in Sokoto Metropolis, Sokoto State, North-West, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Science 19(1): 111 – 115.
Melkamu, B, Y., Berhan, T. M., and Ashenafi, M. W. (2016) Disease management and biosecurity measures of small-scale commercial poultry farms in and around Debre Markos, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health. 8(10): 136-144
Musa, U., Abdu, P. A., Dafwang, I. I., Umoh, J. U., Saidu, L., Mera, U. M and Edache, J. A. (2012). Seroprevalence, seasonal occurrence and clinical manifestations of Newcastle disease in rural household chickens in Plateaus State, Nigeria, International Journal of poultry Science 8(2): 200-204.
National Population Commission (NPC), (2006). Nigeria National Census of 2006. Available on www.npc.gov.ng accessed June 20, 2020.
Nwandu, P.I., Ojogbane, J. A., Okoh, C. and Okechukwu, F. (2016). Poultry production business: A means of alleviating poverty among farmers. Journal of New York Science, 9 (7): 92- 100.
Otunaiya, A.O., Ologbon, O.A. and Akerele, E.O. (2007). Analysis of agricultural loan use decision among poultry farmers in Oyo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science, 13(2):108-113.
Onuk E. G., Umar, H. S. and Girei A. A. (2017). Influence of socio-economic characteristics on net farm income of broiler production in the southern agricultural zone of Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural and Crop Research 5(3):42-48, ISSN: 2384-731X.
Pagani, P., Abimiku, Y.J.E. and Emeka-Okolie, W. (2008). Assessment of the Nigerian poultry market chain to improve biosecurity. FAO (Nigeria, Consultative Mission on Poultry) Study. November, 2008. Pp 1 – 65.
Rahman, S. (2015). Management of Broiler Farms in Aizawl District of Mizoram, India. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Available at http://www.1rrd.org/1rrd27/4/rahm27061.html
Singla L.D. and Gupta, S.K. (2012). Advances in diagnosis of coccidiosis in poultry. In: Veterinary Diagnostics: Current Trends, Gupta, R.P., Garg, S.R., Nehra, V. and Lather, D.(Eds), Satish Serial Publishing House, Delhi. pp. 615-628.
Unaeze, H.C. and Akinola, L.A.F. (2016). Analysis of poultry farmer’s willingness to accept compensation measure for risk adverse mechanisms in Ikwerre Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Health Sciences 5(3): 38 – 42.
United State Agency for International Development (USAID)/Stop AI (2009): Biosecurity for farms and markets in Nigeria. Trainer guide, January 12-23, 2009, Kaduna, Nigeria.
Wakawa, A.M., Oladele, S. B., Abdu, P. A., Sa’idu, L. and Mohammed S. B. (2012). Risk factors for the occurrence and spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 in commercial poultry farms in Kano, Nigeria. Sokoto Journal of Veterinary Sciences 10 (2): 40–51.