Proximate Composition of Differently Treated and Fermented Corn Cob Flakes

  • Eniolorunda O. O.
  • Olamilusi, O. D.
  • Dawodu, M. E.
  • Salami, O. A.
Keywords: corn cob, feed additives, nutritive value, fermentation duration

Abstract

This study was carried out to determine the effect of treatment on the nutritive value of corncob flakes. The experimental material was corn cob flakes which were allotted to seven treatments and designated as T0, T1, T2, T3, T4, T5 and T6 with four fermentation durations (0, 15, 30 and 50 days) in a completely randomized design. The diets were designated as T0 (1 litre of water per 2 kg of corn cob flakes); T1 (100% potassium phosphate per litre of water, for 2 kg corn cob flakes); T2 (50% potassium phosphate + 50% of bicarbonate of soda per litre of water, for 2 kg corn cob flakes); T3 (100% of bicarbonate of soda per litre for 2 kg corn cob flakes); T4 (50% bicarbonate of soda + 50% of cellulase enzyme per litre of water, for 2 kg corn cob flakes); T5 (50% potassium phosphate + 50% of cellulase enzyme per litre of water, for 2 kg corn cob flakes) and T6 (100% of cellulase enzyme per litre for 2 kg corn cob flakes). The results for proximate composition showed significant (P<0.05) increase in DM, CP, EE and Ash as fermentation duration progressed. Conversely, significant (P<0.05) reduction occurred in the fibre fractions and phytochemical properties as fermentation progressed. It is therefore concluded that fermenting corn cob with 50% feed additives (either sodium bicarbonate or potassium phosphate) and enzyme for up to 50 days improved the proximate composition and reduced fibre fractions and phytochemical properties.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adeniran, H. A., Farinde, E.O. and Obatolu, V.A. (2013). Effect of heat treatment and fermentation on anti-nutrients content of lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) during production of Daddawa analogue. Ann. Rev. Res Biol. 3(3):256-266.
Aderolu, A. Z., Lawal, M.O., Seriki, B.M and Apatira, A.L (2011). Compensatory growth effects on previously starved fingerlings and juveniles African catfish. Clarias gariepinus, Burchell 1822. African Journal of Food Science 5 (11): 637 – 642.
Akinfemi, A., Adu, O., A. and Aya, V.E. (2009). Use of an in Vitro Gas Production Technique to Evaluate Some Nigerian Feedstuffs. American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research 4 (4): 240-245
AOAC. (2005). Official Methods of Analysis. 15th Ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, USA.; (48).
Arwinsyah, M. T. and Yunilas, D. (2018). Effect of bio activator use on corn cobs as a complete feed on performance and digestibility of local sheep. Earth and Environmental Science,01: 20-47.
Aye, P.A. (2007). Production of multinutrient blocks for ruminants and alcohol from the waste products of Leucaena leucocephala and Gliricidia sepium leaves using local technologies. Ph.D Thesis. Federal University of Technology, Akure
Devendra, C. and Leng, R. A. (2011). Feed resources for animals in Asia: issues, strategies for use, intensification and integration for increased productivity. Asian-Austr J Anim Sci 24: 303-321.
Egounlety, M. and Aworh, O.C. (2000). Biochemical changes in soyabean (Glycine max Merr.), cowpea (Vigna unguiculanta L. Walp), and groundbean (Macrotyloma geocarpa Harms) during fermentation with Rhizopus oligosporus. (Paper presented at the International Seminar on Traditional African Fermented Foods. Accra, Ghana). 4-6, 25.
Eniolorunda, O.O., Olamilusi, O.D., Ogunde, M.O. and Uloko, J. L. (2021). Nutrient intake and rumen studies in growing West African Dwarf rams fed polyenzyme treated cassava peel and corn cob based diet. Macedonian Journal of Animal Science 11(1-2):9-15.
Escobar, A. (1979) Informe Anual del Instituto de Produccion Animal, Facultad de Agronomia Universidad Central de Venezuela Maracay
Harborne, J. B. (1998). Phytochemical methods: A guide to modern techniques of plant analysis. 3rd edition. Chapman & Hall Pub. London, UK.
Houghton, P. J. and Raman, A. (1998). Laboratory Handbook for the Fractionation of Natural Extracts. London: Chapman and Hall.
Mahesh, M. S. and Mohini, M. (2013) Biological treatment of crop residues for ruminant feeding: a review. Afr J Biotechnol 12:4221-4231.
Marfo, E.K., Simpson, B., Idowu, J.S. and Oke, O.L. (1990). Effect of local food processing on phytate levels in cassava, cocoyam, yam, maize, sorghum, rice, cowpea, and soybean Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 38 (7): 1580-1585
Maurice, R. (2001). General and microbiological aspects of solid substrate fermentation. Laborative de Biotechnology Microbiene Tropicale Centre. ORSTOM LB 911 an Agropolis, France. pp. 5045–34052
Oduguwa, O. O., Edema, O. E. and Ayeni O. A. (2008). Physico-chemical and microbiological analyses of fermented corn cob, rice bran and cowpea husk for use in composite rabbit feed. Bioresource Technology 99:1816–1820
Ojebiyi O.O., Offiong, S.A and Bamigboye, E.S. (2002). Effects of skip – a day feeding programme on the performance and carcass Characteristics of broiler chickens in a humid tropical environment. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences 8(2):181 – 186.
Olagunju, A., Onyike, E., Muhammad, A., Aliyu, S. and Abdullahi, A. S. (2013). Effects of fungal (Lachno cladium spp.) pretreatment on nutrient and antinutrient composition of corn cobs. African Journal of Biochemistry Research 7(11): 210-214.
Olamilusi, O.D., Olotu, J.D. and Eniolorunda, O.O. (2019). Dry matter acceptability of nutrient by West African dwarf rams fed polyenzyme treated cassava peel and corn cob based diets. Nig. J. Anim. Prod. 46(2): 202-208
Opere, B., Aboaba, O. and Ugoji, E. O. (2012). Estimation of Nutritive Value, Organoleptic Properties and Consumer Acceptability of Fermented Cereal Gruel (OGI). Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology 4(1):1-8
Patel, S. J., Onkarappa, R. and Shobha, K. S. (2007). Comparative Study of Ethanol Production from Microbial Pretreated Agricultural Residues. Journal of Applied Science and Environmental Management, 11(4):137 – 141.
SAS, Statistical Analysis Institute, (2002). Users Guide. Statistical Analysis Institute, Inc., Carry North Caroline, USA.
Soper, I. G., Owen, F. G. and Nielsen, M. K. (1977). Hydroxide treated corn cobs fed with corn silages in complete rations Journal of Dairy Science, 60:596-601
Sun Y. and Cheng J. (2002). Hydrolysis of lignocellulosic material from ethanol production. A review. Bioresour. Technol. 83:1-11
Verma, A., Kumar S. and Jain, P. K. (2011). Key Pretreatment Technologies On Cellulosic Ethanol Production. Journal of Scientific Research, 55: 57-63.
Walli, T. K. (2009). Nutritional strategies for ruminant production in tropics: Indian context. In: Proceedings of Animal Nutrition Association World Conference, New Delhi, India 49-53.
Published
2024-04-20
How to Cite
Eniolorunda O. O., Olamilusi, O. D., Dawodu, M. E., & Salami, O. A. (2024). Proximate Composition of Differently Treated and Fermented Corn Cob Flakes. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science and Technology (NJAST), 6(4), 58 - 65. Retrieved from http://njast.com.ng/index.php/home/article/view/294