Influence of Monodora myristica and Xylopia aethiopica Seed as Feed Additives on the Performance of New Zealand Weaned Rabbits

  • Okon, U. M. Department of Animal Science, Akwa Ibom State University, Obio Akpa Campus, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
  • Ekpo, J. S. Department of Animal Science, Akwa Ibom State University, Obio Akpa Campus, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
  • Essien, C. A. Department of Animal Science, Akwa Ibom State University, Obio Akpa Campus, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
  • Eyoh, G. D. Department of Animal Science, Akwa Ibom State University, Obio Akpa Campus, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
Keywords: Performance, weaned Rabbits, Xylopia aethiopica (selim pepper), Monodora myristica (African nutmeg)


A feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the performance of thirty-two (32) weaned rabbits fed diets containing Xylopia aethiopica (selim pepper) seed meal (XSM) and Monodora myristica (African nutmeg) seed meal (MSM). Four experimental diets (T1, T2, T3 and T4) were formulated such that Treatment 1 being the control group received diet containing neither MSM nor XSM. Treatment 2 and 3 received diets containing 1% each of XSM and MSM while treatment 4 received mixture of both XSM and MSM at 0.5% each. The treatments were replicated four times with two rabbits per replicate and a total of eight rabbits (4 males and 4 females) per treatment in a randomized complete block design. The trial lasted for 12 weeks. Result showed no significant differences (P>0.05) in final weights and total weight gain of the rabbits across the treatments. Significant (P<0.05) increase in feed intake was obtained in T3. However, feed conversion ratio was similar in the four treatments. Sex effect indicated no significant difference (P>0.05) in weight gain and feed conversion ratio. However, significant differences (P<0.05) were observed for feed intake with male rabbits on diet 2 recording the least value. No mortality was recorded in the course of the experiment. It is therefore recommended that 1% of Monodora myristica can be used as additive in rabbit diet to improve feed intake and weight gain or its combination with Xylopia aethiopica to maintain weight gain especially for the rabbit bucks.


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How to Cite
Okon, U. M., Ekpo, J. S., Essien, C. A., & Eyoh, G. D. (2022). Influence of Monodora myristica and Xylopia aethiopica Seed as Feed Additives on the Performance of New Zealand Weaned Rabbits. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science and Technology (NJAST), 5(1), 76 - 83. Retrieved from