Utilization of Moringa oleifera Leaves in Enhancing the Ensiling Qualities of Triticum aestivum
This study was conducted to assess ensiling qualities of Wheat forage (Triticum aestivum) using graded levels of Moringa oleifera leaves for better silage. The Wheat forage was ensiled with Moringa leaves at 100%, 75%, 50%, 25% and 0%, making five treatments and replicated three times. The wheat forage was harvested at early vegetative stage and chopped to 4cm length, while Moringa oleifera leaves at early flowering stage. The chopped wheat forage were mixed with Moring leaves and ensiled for the period of 21 days in a laboratory silo and subsequently evaluated for colour, aroma and pH. Each replicate of the five treatments were sample for proximate and minerals analysis. Results revealed that silages made from the mixture of 75%Wheat forage+25Moringa oleifera leaves was light brown colour with very sweet aroma. Silage made from 100% Moringa oleifera leaves produced dark brown colour with pleasant aroma. All the silages made have pH values range from 4.22 to 5.58. Minerals (Ca, Mg and Na) were statistically significant (P<0.05) also increases as the level of Moringa oleifera inclusion increase. Silage made from 100% Moringa oleifera proved superior in minerals contents as compared to the others treatments. The proximate composition of silages differs significantly (P<0.05), silage made from 100% Moringa oleifera was superior in %CP, %EE and %ASH. Dry matter content was not significantly different among all the treatments. It was concluded that 75% Wheat+25% Moringa oleifera mixture produced better silage.
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