Effects of Cultivar and Harvesting Time on Growth Components and Chemical Composition of Hydroponic Sorghum Fodder

  • Chana, Z.M. Department of Animal Science, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State
  • Abubakar, M. Department of Animal Production, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi.
  • Kalla, D.J.U. Department of Animal Production, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi.
  • Bello, K.M. Department of Animal Production, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi.
Keywords: Hydroponic, Sorghum, Biomass, Yield


The study was conducted to evaluate the growth components and chemical composition of four varieties of local sorghum [Red chakalari (V1), White chakalari (V2), Kaura (V3) and Jigari (V4)] seeds grown in an improvised hydroponic medium at three different harvesting periods (8, 12 and 16 days). The experiment was conducted as a 4×3 factorial arrangement in a randomized complete block design (RCBD). The results of hydroponic sorghum fodder (HSF) production showed significant (P<0.05) difference in germination percentages across the varieties, in the following ascending order V1 (red chakalari) >V2 (white chakalari) >V4 (jigari) >V3 (kaura). While the means yield and height at different harvesting periods were not statistically (P>0.05) affected among the varieties. However, individual yields showed significant (P<0.05) variation across the varieties and between the different harvesting periods with 8th day sprout having the highest yield followed by 12th day and lastly 16th day harvest. Nonetheless, chemical composition were inconsistent among the varieties but V4 recorded the highest crude protein value (14.05%) at 8th day post-harvest while organic and dry matter were superior at 12th day harvest in V3. It was concluded that HSF at 8th day harvest was the best in growth parameters of the plant and nutrient contents and all the varieties can be grown as fodder for livestock feeding.


Download data is not yet available.


Abubakar, M., Ngele, M.B., Kalla D.J.U. and Inusa. S.K. (2012). Growth performance of Yankasa sheep grazing natural vegetation in late dry season in the Sudan Savanna supplemented with various nitrogen sources. Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal for the Tropic, 9(3):199-203.
AOAC, (2000). Official Methods of analysis. 17th edition. Association of official Analytical Chemists, Washington. DC.
Bamaiyi, H.P. (2013). Factors militating against Animal Production in Nigeria. International Journal Livestock Research, 3(2):54-66.
Boue, S.M., Wiese, T.E., Nehls, S., Burow, M.E., Elliott, S. and Carter-Wientjes, C. (2003). Evaluation of the estrogenic effects of legume extracts containing phytoestrogens. Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry, 51(8): 2193-2199.
Bourn, Wint, Blench and Woolley (2007). Identification and characterisation of West African shorthorn cattle. Nigerian Livestock Resource Survey, FAO cooperate document repository. 1 – 12.
Christidiana, R. (2018). Quality and quantity of sourghum hydroponic fodder from different varieties and harvest time. Earth and Environmental Science, 119
Encarta, (2007). National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Bethesda, MD, USA.
Fazaeli, H., Golmoihammadi, H.A., Tabatabayee, S.N. and Asghari-Tabrizi, M., (2012). Productivity and nutritive value of barley green fodder yield in hydroponic system. World Applied Sciences Journal, 16: 531-539.
Ghazi, N.A. and Al-Momami, N. (2011). Evaluation of some barley cultivars for green fodder production and water use efficiency under hydroponic conditions. Jordan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 7(3): 448-456.
Ghazi, N., Al-Karaki and M. Al-Hashimi. (2011). Green fodder production and water use efficiency of some forage crops under hydroponic conditions. IRSN Agronomy; 1:15
Kamuanga, M., D’leteren, G., Tano, K., Mugalla C., Pokou, K., Swallow, B. and Hall, D. (2004). Improving the production of crop livestock systems under trypanosomosis risk in West Africa: Potentials and opportunities in the next decade. In: Proceedings of an International Conference held at International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA). Ibadan, Nigeria. Pp. 436-465.
Mooney, J. (2005). Growing Cattle feed hydroponically. Meat livestock Australi, 30.
Naik, P.K. and Singh, N.P. (2013). Hydroponics fodder production: an alternative technology for sustainable livestock production against impeding climate change. In: compendium of Model Training Course ‘Management Strategies for Sustainable Livestock Production against Impending Climate Change. Held during November 18-25. Southern Regional Station, National Dairy Research Institute, Adugodi, Bengaluru, India. Pp. 70-75.
Naik, P.K., Swain, B.K. and Singh, N.P. (2015). Review-production and utilization of hydroponics fodder. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition, 32(1): 1-9.
SAS (2000). General Linear Model of Statistical Analysis System. User’s Guide Statistics. Institute Incorporated, Cary, New York, USA.
Sneath, R. and Mclntosh, F. (2003). Review of hydroponic fodder production for beef cattle. Queensland Government, Department of Primary Industries, Dalby, Queensland.
Turdo, G., Darcy, T., Smith, P. and Shalleross, F. (2003). The intake and liveweight change of drought master steers fed hydroponically grown young sprouted barley fodder fodder (Autograss). Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 2:24-30
Van Soest, P.J., Robertson, J.B. and Lewis, B.A. (1991). Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science, 74: 3583-3597.
Weather and climate (2016). www.weatherandclimate.com. Accessed 6/06/2018.
Zelalem, G. and Gurmessa, K. (2021). Evaluation of hydroponic fodder performance of different varieties of sorghum. International Journal of Research, 9(2):1-10. https://doi.org/10.29121/granthaalayah.v9.i2.2021.2854.
How to Cite
Chana, Z.M., Abubakar, M., Kalla, D.J.U., & Bello, K.M. (2022). Effects of Cultivar and Harvesting Time on Growth Components and Chemical Composition of Hydroponic Sorghum Fodder. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science and Technology (NJAST), 4(4), 35 - 40. Retrieved from http://njast.com.ng/index.php/home/article/view/173