Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Parasite in Sheep and Goat in Shendam town of Plateau State, Nigeria
Gastrointestinal parasites have a devastating effect on the performance of small ruminants. The study was to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in sheep and goats in Shendam town of plateau state, Nigeria. A total of 600 faecal samples 300 each were collected from sheep and goats for both wet and dry season from July 2019 to March 2020. The results show a prevalence rate of 471(78.8%) gastrointestinal parasites infestation in the study area goats (90.8%) had significantly (P< 0.05) higher infection rate than sheep (71.2%). Adult goats and sheep had higher rate than the young with 65.3% and 63.6% respectively infestation rate of sheep. Sheep (100%) was significantly (P<0.05) higher than goat (93.3%) during the wet season while the reverse (40 vs. 80%) was observed during the dry season. Common gastrointestinal parasites found include; Coccidia oocyst, oesophagostomum, Trichuris, Haemonchus, Moneiza, Dicrocoelium, Fasciola and Bunostonum. Proper preventive measures such as regular deworming should be put in place in order to improve on the productivity of small ruminants particularly in the study area.
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