Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Parasite in Sheep and Goat in Shendam town of Plateau State, Nigeria

  • Gofwan, P. G. Department of Animal Health Technology College of Agriculture Garkawa
  • Machido, H. Department of Animal Health Technology College of Agriculture Garkawa
  • Dastu, A. J. Department of Animal Health Technology College of Agriculture Garkawa
  • Yibis, G. G. Department of Animal Health Technology College of Agriculture Garkawa
Keywords: gastrointestinal parasites, Age, faecal, infestation rate, small ruminants, sex

Abstract

Gastrointestinal parasites have a devastating effect on the performance of small ruminants. The study was to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in sheep and goats in Shendam town of plateau state, Nigeria. A total of 600 faecal samples 300 each were collected from sheep and goats for both wet and dry season from July 2019 to March 2020. The results show a prevalence rate of 471(78.8%) gastrointestinal parasites infestation in the study area goats (90.8%) had significantly (P< 0.05) higher infection rate than sheep (71.2%). Adult goats and sheep had higher rate than the young with 65.3% and 63.6% respectively infestation rate of sheep. Sheep (100%) was significantly (P<0.05) higher than goat (93.3%) during the wet season while the reverse (40 vs. 80%) was observed during the dry season. Common gastrointestinal parasites found include; Coccidia oocyst, oesophagostomum, Trichuris, Haemonchus, Moneiza, Dicrocoelium, Fasciola and Bunostonum. Proper preventive measures such as regular deworming should be put in place in order to improve on the productivity of small ruminants particularly in the study area.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adejinmi, O. O., Adejinmi, J. O., Falohun, O. O., Aderoju, O. R. and Dauda, W. J. (2015). Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Parasites of Goats in Ibadan, Southwest, Nigeria. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 3(2) 49-51. doi: 10.12691/wjar-3-2-2.
Emiru, B., Amede, Y., Tigre, W., Feyera, T. and Deressa B. (2013). Epidemiology of Gastrointestinal Parasites of Small Ruminants in Gechi District, Southwest Ethiopia. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 7(5):169-174.
Gofwan, P. G., Sudik, S. D., Machido, H., Dastu, A. J. Damter, S. A. and Raymond, J. R. (2019). Levels of infestation of gastrointestinal parasites in sheep and goat in Langtang North local Government Area of Plateau state Nigeria. Proceeding of the third ASUCA National Scientific Conference Pp 108- 112.
Gofwan, P. G.,Sudik, S. D., Dastu, A. J., Machido H., Damter, S. A., and Magaji, S. T. (2021). Incidence of helminthes infestation in small ruminants in three Local Government Areas of Plateau State,Nigeria. Journal of animal science and veterinary medicine. Volume 6(2) Pp 88- 92.
Gonfa, S., Basaznew, B., Achenef, M. (2013). An Abattoir Survey on Gastrointestinal Nematodes in Sheep and Goats in Hemex-Export Abattoir, Bishoftu (Debre Zeit), Central Ethiopia. J. Adv. Vet. Res. 3 ,60-63.
Kumar, B., Maharana, B. R., Prasad, A., Joseph, P. J. and Patel, B. (2016). Seasonal incidence of parasitic diseases in bovines of south western Gujarat, India. Journal of Parasitic Diseases. 40(4):1342-1346.
Khajuria, J. K., Katoch, R., Yadav, A., Godara, R., Gupta, S. K. and Singh, A. (2013). Seasonal prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths in sheep and goats of middle agro-climatic zone of Jammu province. Journal of Parasitic Diseases.37(1):21-25.
Molla, S. H., Bandyopadhyay, P. K. (2016). Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in economically important Bonpala sheep in India. IOSR-Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science. 9(1):87-93.
Misra, S., Arora, N., Batra, M. and Agrawal, D. K. (2010). Prevalence of gastro-intestinal parasites in goat, Indian Veterinary Journal. 87:1033-1034.
Nemomsa, T. (2013). Analysis of climate variability, trend, future climate change and its impact on maize cultivars in central Ethiopia. MSc thesis, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia.
Ntonifor, H. N., Shei, S. J., Ndaleh, N. W., Mbunkur, G. N. (2013). Epidemiological studies of GIT parasitic infections in ruminants in Jakiri, Bui Division, North West Region of Cameroon. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health. 5(12): 344-352.
Okorafor, U. P., Obebe, O. O., Unigwe, C. R., Atoyebi, T. J. and Ogunlaye, O. (2015). Studies on the gut parasites of small ruminants reared in some selected farms in Ido Local government area of Oyo state Nigeria. Applied research journal, vol. 1, issue 3 pp 153-159.
Obijiaku, I. N. and Agbede, R. I. S. (2007): Prevalence of coccidiosis and associated pathology in lambs and kids from three contrasting management systems. In: Proceedings of the 44th Annualcongress of the Nigerian Veterinary Medical Association (NVMA), Delta 2007. Pp 229-232.
Radostits, O. M., Gay, C. C., Hinchcliff, K. W., Constable, P. D. (2006). Nematode diseases of the alimentary tract. In: Veterinary Medicine, A textbook of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs and goats, 10th ed. 1541-1553.
Singh, A., Das, G., Roy, B., Nath, S., Naresh, R. and Kumar S. (2015). Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitic infection in goat of Madhya Pradesh, India, Journal of Parasitic Diseases, 39(4):716-719.
Swarnkar, C. P. and Singh, D. (2014). Influence of annual rainfall on epidemiology of gastrointestinal parasites in sheep flocks of Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 84(11):1171-1176.
Temesgen, A. and Walanso, I. (2015). Major gastrointestinal helminth parasites of grazing small ruminants in and around Ambo town of Central Oromia, Ethiopia Temesgen Ayana and Walanso Ifa.
Varadharajan, A. and Vijayalakshmi, R. (2015) Prevalence and seasonal occurrence of gastrointestinal parasites in small ruminants of coastal areas of Tamil Nadu. Int. J. Sci. Res. Publ., 5(2): 1-4.
Published
2021-12-31
How to Cite
Gofwan, P. G., Machido, H., Dastu, A. J., & Yibis, G. G. (2021). Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Parasite in Sheep and Goat in Shendam town of Plateau State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science and Technology (NJAST), 4(4), 30 - 34. Retrieved from http://njast.com.ng/index.php/home/article/view/170